As a rule, damage caused by glaucoma cannot be
Eyedrops, laser surgery and surgery in the
operating room are used to lower eye pressure and help
prevent further damage. In some cases, oral medications
may also be prescribed.
With any type of glaucoma, periodic examinations
are very important to prevent vision loss. Because
glaucoma can progress without your knowledge,
adjustments to your treatment may be necessary from time
Laser surgery treatments may be
recommended for different types of glaucoma.
In open-angle glaucoma,
the drain itself is treated. The laser is used to modify the
drain (trabeculoplasty) to help control eye pressure.
In closed-angle glaucoma, the laser
creates a hole in the iris (iridotomy) to improve the flow
of aqueous fluid to the drain.
Surgery in the operating room
When surgery in the operating room is
needed to treat glaucoma, your ophthalmologist uses fine
microsurgical instruments to create a new drainage channel
for the aqueous fluid to leave the eye. Surgery is
recommended if your ophthalmologist feels it is necessary to
prevent further damage to the optic nerve. As with laser
surgery, surgery in the operating room is typically an